In 1997, Ukraine ratified the European Convention on Human Rights. According to Samopomich MP Ruslan Sydorovych, this was supposed to be a guarantee of observance of fundamental human rights, which are fixed not only in the Constitution, but also in the European Convention on Human Rights.
The MP underlines, “To our great regret, for many years Ukraine has been among the infamous leaders in terms of the number of appeals to the European Court of Human Rights. But the saddest thing is that these are not only the decisions of national courts that are not abided by, but also the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights. In this regard, there is an increased monitoring of Ukraine with regard to the implementation of a number of decisions of the European Court of Human Rights.”
A representative of the Laboratory for Legislative Initiatives adds, “As of July 2017, there have been more than 19,000 claims filed with the European Court against Ukraine, which account for 20% of all the applications against 47 members of the Council of Europe. At the same time, Ukraine ranks second after Turkey in the number of cases that are under consideration. In addition to this, Ukraine is the last, 47th, in terms of the number of cases won by the state.”
Consequently, the main problem is the fact that there is a systematic failure to comply with the decisions of Ukrainian courts in those cases where the state or, respectively, state enterprises are the debtors.
The representative of the Laboratory for Legislative Initiatives concludes, “In addition to this, the remarks and recommendations of the court in the cases against Ukraine are systematically not taken into account. Thus, the systemic problem is not solved in its essence, but is only aggravated.”